Croatia Captured Showcase

- Fulfinum Mirine -

The ancient Roman city Fulfinum, founded in the first century AD on Krk Island for Roman veterans, exemplified urban planning with its strategic harbor and structured layout. It transitioned from a vibrant Roman municipality to a site of Christian significance with the construction of a church on its ruins. Discoveries like an intact sarcophagus and the unique peace comb highlight Fulfinum's rich historical and archaeological legacy.

Photos taken on March 17th, 2024

Fun fact no 1

Fulfinum Mirine was once a prestigious Roman municipality named Municipium Flavium Fulfinum, signifying its importance and status granted almost immediately after its establishment in the 1st century AD.

Fun fact no 2

The site features the remains of a unique early Christian church built in the 5th century, standing out as the only preserved sacral building of its type not just on the island of Krk, but along the entire Croatian coast, marking a significant shift from ancient Roman to early Christian life.

Fun fact no 3

Among the significant archaeological finds at Fulfinum Mirine is a peace comb made of ivory, discovered during a French-Croatian research project. Decorated with scenes from the miracles of Christ, it's one of only five such objects found worldwide, highlighting the site's historical and religious significance.

Learn more

Nestled in the tranquil Bay of Sepen on the Island of Krk, beneath the shadow of the ancient hillfort Omisalj, lies the hidden history of Fulfinum, a city planned and built in the first century AD.

This city, envisioned for Roman veterans, quickly ascended to the esteemed rank of a Roman municipality during the Flavian era, as indicated by its full name: Municipium Flavium Fulfinum. Designed with the Roman architectural finesse of a rectangular network, Fulfinum was strategically located on flat terrain to facilitate its urban scheme. The city's well-protected harbor, nestled in a calm bay, along with its proximal fertile fields abundant in water, catered to the essential needs of its inhabitants.

The veterans of the Flavian emperors, who were primarily settled in the residential areas previously occupied by the local Liburnian community known as Fertinates, populated Fulfinum. This ancient settlement was endowed with all the quintessential Roman features: a bustling forum with a capitol and a city basilica, port installations adjacent to a commercial district by the sea, thermal baths, and a sophisticated water supply system. Outside its confines, a vital road stretched towards Krk and possibly to the ferry at Voz, linking the island with the mainland, flanked by two necropolises in true Roman tradition. The heart of Fulfinum was its forum, the central square where political, economic, religious, and social realms converged in the Roman urban milieu. This square hosted essential buildings for the city's functioning, including the main forum temple dedicated to either the Capitoline Triad or the Roman emperors. The forum's western edge was lined with taverns, which faced away from the forum towards the sea, signifying a bustling commercial life.

As ancient civilization waned, Fulfinum faced decline, but from its ruins, a new chapter began. By the mid-5th century, the Church on Mirine emerged at the town's outskirts, marking the dawn of a Christian city on the remnants of Roman Fulfinum. This basilica, significant for its simple cross-shaped design, remains a unique architectural testament not only on Krk but along the entire Croatian coast. Its discovery, including an intact sarcophagus revealed by a micro-camera, offers a glimpse into the early Christian era's sacred mysteries.

This evolving community later embraced the teachings of St. Benedict, culminating in the establishment of the Glagolitic Benedictine Abbey of St. Nikola near Omisalj. Meanwhile, the discovery of the peace comb during a French-Croatian research project highlights Fulfinum's significance in early Christian archaeology, with its ivory craftsmanship depicting miracles of Christ. Ptolemy's mention of Fulfinum and subsequent archaeological discoveries, including a text-engraved slab found in the basilica's bell tower, have pinpointed its location in Sepen Bay. Ongoing excavations continue to unravel the largest early Christian basilica in the Mediterranean, hinting at a rich historical tapestry woven into the fabric of Krk Island.