Croatia Captured Showcase

- Roč -

Roč is a small historic town in Istria County, northwest Croatia, administratively part of the town of Buzet. It is situated about 50 km southeast of Trieste, Italy, and is accessible via the Učka Tunnel to Rijeka. The town, with an elevation of 348 meters, is located in the midst of natural beauties of Istria.

Photos taken on October 1st, 2023

Fun fact no 1

Roč is historically significant due to its transformation over the centuries. It started as an Illyrian settlement and then became a Roman castrum. In the Middle Ages, it evolved into a fortified castle, which was marked by walls, defensive towers, and the Small and Large Gates. This rich history has contributed to Roč being considered a historic town rather than just a village.

Fun fact no 2

During the 15th and 16th centuries, Roč was a prominent center of Croatian literacy, editorship, and printing, and it played a significant role in the history of the oldest Slavic Glagolitic Alphabet. The local Church of St. Anthony in Roč holds the Roč Glagolitic Abecedarium from the 13th century. The town's legacy in the field of Slavic literature and its association with the Glagolitic script are notable highlights in its history.

Fun fact no 3

The current appearance of Roč dates back to the times of Venetian rule, reflecting the architectural styles and influences from that era. An interesting feature near Roč is the Glagolitic Alley, a scenic route that leads to Hum, often called the smallest town in the world. This alley features ten monuments that represent the history of the Glagolitic alphabet, highlighting the region's rich linguistic and cultural heritage.

Learn more

Roč, a charming village in northern Istria, Croatia, is located at an elevation of 348 meters above sea level, where the limestone of the Ćićarija and Učka mountains converges with the clay of the valleys and ridges below.

Dating back to at least 1064, Roč is rich in history. The village is home to the local church of St. Anthony, which houses the 'Glagolitic Alphabet' from the 1200s. Remarkably, Roč played a role in the preparation for printing of the first Croatian printed book, 'Misal po zakonu rimskog dvora', in 1483 by Juri Žakan. Throughout its history, Roč has experienced various phases of rule, from the Venetian era to being part of the Illyrian Provinces, then Austria, and even the impacts of fascism in the early 20th century. After Italy's capitulation in 1943, it became part of Yugoslavia, and since 1991, Roč has been a part of Croatia.

Beyond its historical significance, Roč is a cultural epicenter. It hosts the 'Z armoniku v Roč' festival, a celebration of music, particularly the harmonica, and is the seat of the Čakavian Parliament. The Cultural Artistic Society 'Istarski željezničar' is also based here. The village is adorned with unique sculptures of violins, accordions, and cellos, adding to its artistic charm.

A standout feature of Roč is the 'Alley of Glagolitics', a path that extends all the way to Hum, lined with monuments dedicated to the Glagolitic script and its historical figures. As of the 2011 census, Roč had a small population of just 153 residents, offering a serene and tranquil environment. This picturesque village, steeped in history and culture, and surrounded by natural beauty, is a unique and peaceful destination in Croatia.